2015 Researcher of the Year Abbas Milani

2015 Researcher of the Year Abbas Milani


(techno music) – [Voiceover] Composite
materials are basically a combination of two or three materials, or even more, that have been combined with each other that will give you properties that are better
than individual materials. Nowadays you can think of fiberglass, carbon fibers, we can find it in our home appliances, in our skis, the other sporting goods, in our automobiles, in
the aerospace components, marine, and so on. These materials have
found a lot of interest by industries, but there are still several question to be answered as far as how this material behave under different loading condition, how we should manufacture them so that we don’t have problems. My research focus actually is in two-fold. One is the composite materials, I’m working on modeling simulation and optimization of composite materials, and my secondary field of research is on the multi-criteria optimization and decision making for complex engineering systems. I’m Abbas Milani, a faculty member at the School of
Engineering, UBC Okanagan. Our composites lab at the Okanagan campus of UBC is part of the
Composites Research Network, or CRN. This network was established in 2012 by the government of Canada in order to help the manufacturers to go towards more effective and risk free design and manufacturing
of the composites. When engineers do design,
normally requirements of the final product is not a single, basically, objective. For example, a product we make like this, say in the bridge decks labs, you want to be mechanically durable, but at the same time we want to make sure it’s not degrading over
environmental conditions. So we have multiple objectives to meet. The main excitement about composites is if I want to compare
it to other materials like the metals or cements, there are a combination
of the materials there. So as much as it allows you to customize your design, you may say
I want the properties in a particular direction
or in a particular environmental condition
to perform this way. So we can basically customize that from the beginning by
choice of the correct components of composites, but the challenge, I think, which I think for me
is the interesting part as a researcher, is
that then how you want to process those materials
that in the beginning you choose so that as your composite part, something like this, has
formed, the properties that you had in mind is met at the end. So this state of complexity research wise is a challenge and excitement for me and for manufacturers still is a big question mark and dilemma. Here at the UBC Okanagan,
we are really delightful that we can work with industry members, over 50 companies almost, we are collaborating to solve this type of problems for them.

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