Drivers of Change - Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

Drivers of Change – Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

times are changing and India's rural economy is transforming to meet the expectations of changing times they have to meet the demands of our ever-increasing population and evolving lifestyles they have to continuously keep up with the latest research and technologies for the growth of the nation they live at the heart of the nation pumping lifeblood into its veins they touch our lives in everything they bring home your greatest pleasure boring sunshine into the lives of your loved one in more ways than you can ever imagine bringing you hope and happiness they are the drivers of change a vibrant village economy can be India's mainstay for equity and removal of poverty growth in agriculture compared to growth in other sectors is at least twice as effective in reducing poverty agriculture is one area where the rate of return on the investment in research and development is one of the highest in the country but that huge potential in the rural economy can be fully realized only when India's villagers get modern technological back up focus towards holistic development of Indian agriculture I see a R or the Indian Council of agricultural research has taken up this multifaceted channel and delivered food security for a nation of more than a billion people agricultural research and the educational system falling into place generation of location situation and system specific technology to evaluate and demonstrate the changing place of agriculture judicious and effective use of resources enabling less wastage during harvest and post-harvest the results are there for everyone to see since 1950 51 India has achieved an increase in production of food grains by four times fruits vegetables and milk by 16 cotton and meat by eight times fish 11-ton and eggs 27 times the story of ica our is the story of the growth of Indian agriculture it has been more than a century now I see AR has brought about a quantum change in research and human resource development in agriculture today I see AR has a wide network of institutions seeking answers for almost every agricultural or livelihood problem that India faces it is difficult to imagine that all this started from just one humble laughs in 1889 when the imperial that geological laboratory was established at pruning it was later moved to mock Peshwa nian anytime and subsequently to is at Nagar brainy growing into the present Indian veterinary research institute by 1905 recognising the need for further strengthening research in agriculture the Imperial Agricultural Research Institute was set up at Busan Bihar but then life was not all a bed of roses a devastating earthquake in 1934 shook the roots of boosah but the Institute knew it had to carry on let's stop Delhi but the male Pusa remained attached to it later it was renamed the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in 1923 the Imperial Institute of animal husbandry and dairying was established at Bangalore this was later shifted to Colonel in 1955 and renamed the National Dairy Research Institute on the 16th of July 1929 the IC al was set up as a registered Society on the recommendation of the Royal Commission on agriculture to aid promote guide and coordinate agricultural research and education in India in 1966 I see a are enhanced its domain stress several Institute's under various comfort departments were merged with ICA our other research bodies with similar expertise joined hands and ICA are embarked on its leadership role with reviewed vigor 1973 another step ahead I see AR was reorganised and an independent department of agricultural research and education came up OhLaLa it has been an uphill that immensely satisfying jerk blessed by the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi and the architect of modern India pandit jawaharlal nehru several other leaders visited us and inspired us to keep moving and keep improving to understand the role of ICA our one needs to understand all the dimensions of the challenge it faces India has the unenviable task of feeding 17% of the world's people with only 2.3 percent of its land and 4.2 percent of its water resources for 40 years now our net cultivated area has remained static at about 114 million hectares while the demand for cultural produce has increased manifold that's where I see AR comes in to ensure that this demand is met with adequate supply our core target therefore is to develop technologies and management strategies to enhance system productivity in a sustainable manner this further means effective utilization of resource conservation technologies like zero tillage raised bed planting and laser leveling these technologies can enhance the productivity of land save water and energy and increase nutrient use efficiency to the tune of 20 to 30 percent zero tillage technologies are already working wonders in over three million hectares of farm lands with an average saving of about 2500 rupees per hectare for the first time in the world India has the rare distinction of developing and commercializing multiple hybrid cotton grain pearl millet castor safflower and pigeon pea the quality of our rice hybrids is globally acknowledged also our single cross mais hybrids have opened new vistas for realizing enhanced productivity IC AR has also been instrumental in introducing several new crops like soybean tiwiii sunflower and oil palm this is not only brought in diversification in agriculture but has also managed to improve India's farm economy significantly today the productivity of grapes in India is the highest in the world Amla production has gone up twenty fold in the last 20 years thermo and photo in sensitive varieties of vegetables such as brinjal cauliflower and tomato have increased the productivity production and availability round the year in order to enhance the quality and relevance of higher agricultural education ICA are provides financial and professional support to agricultural university and also facilitates their capacity building ICA are believes in reaching out we know growth becomes meaningless if it is not holistic and inclusive with this in view ICA are has established over 560 krishi began kyndra's in as many rural districts out of 588 rural districts identified in the country ICA are also plays an active role in global agricultural areas through its support to international research institutes and collaboration with about 30 countries and organizations Indian participation in the international rice Genome Project and global rust initiative for wheat is likely to have a far-reaching impact on nutritional and livelihood security across continents no wonder I see AR has received international recognition in 1988 it was awarded the prestigious King Baldwin Development prize international for the best agricultural institution in the world in 2004 again the ICA are received the King Baldwin Award as the chair of the rice wheat consortium I see AR has come a long way but there are still many more challenges to face many more battles to be won we understand our areas of priority race the perils of drying water resources and dying soil and above all to stand upright to the changing climate resulting in fluctuations of the monsoon and unpredictable mood swings of the weather No yes there are many more miles to go but we dream of a day when RORO poverty will become history when accelerated and inclusive agricultural growth will change the face of Indians

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