How Close Are We to Building a Moon Base?

How Close Are We to Building a Moon Base?

The moon is the closest celestial body to
Earth. Humans have been gazing up at it for our entire
existence, finally landing on its surface in the 1960s. We’ve walked on the moon, carried out science
experiments on the moon, we’ve even driven a car, hit golf balls and briefly grew cotton
on the moon. So, the obvious next question is, when are
we going to start living on the moon? For decades pop culture has been teasing us
with lunar colonies, military bases, space hotels and more, but in order to populate
the moon, or other planets, we may need to start small. So, how close are we to a lunar base? Now, let’s first clear up what we mean when
we say “lunar base.” We’re not talking about a bustling, domed
metropolis. We’re talking about, an outpost, a lab,
a lunar habitat where scientists, or possibly rich tourists, can live and work for an extended
period of time, maybe something similar to the 6 month average stay of an astronaut on
the ISS. For the
first time in human history we are going to the Moon not to go and come back, but we are
trying to go to the Moon and stay there, hence we need to have a Moon base, like a base where
we could live through science, through operations with maybe six astronauts altogether. Only twelve people have ever set foot on the
moon, the last being Eugene Cernan and Jack Schmitt during Apollo 17 way back in 1972. Since then we’ve accomplished many amazing
things in space, from landing a rover on Mars to a breathtaking flyby of Pluto. But we haven’t sent anyone back to the moon…yet. I think what we’re going to see is a big ramping
up of interest in lunar exploration, both in orbit and at the surface, internationally,
from national agencies and governments, but also from the private sector and from commercial
entities. This interest is going to be driven by science,
by engineering, by technology development, by preparing for future exploration, by understanding
the resources that we find locally at the Moon, and how we can use those things to prepare
us for what we do later… You see, setting up a base on the moon may
be key to, not only understanding our past, but to jumpstarting our future. We can study the impact craters and geology
to help us better understand the formation of our solar system. We can set up radio telescopes on the far
side which would be shielded from Earth’s electromagnetic interference, which would
enable us to better study the big bang. And we can use a moon base as a testing ground
for an eventual space colony. Because, right now, we have no data on the
health of astronauts living on another astronomical body for months at a time. And maybe most importantly, we can discover
how efficiently we can be on another world, since we won’t be able to ship all of our
supplies. So if we as a species want to go beyond, if
we want to live in space, if we want to work elsewhere in the solar system, then the way
we do that is we go to the Moon, and we learn to live and work for prolonged periods of
time away from the Earth using the resources that we find locally. One possible important resource might be newly
confirmed lunar ice, which scientists think we could use to create rocket fuel. We could extract the ice, isolate the oxygen
and hydrogen, and manufacture fuel on the moon, meaning lunar visitors wouldn’t be
bogged down with the extra weight of return fuel. Another resource is the regolith, which some
space agencies think may be the key to building a moon base. Well, if you wanted to build a moon base,
the sort of obvious thing is you’d want to use lunar regolith as your basic building
material, because there’s lots of it. If you have to import your construction materials
from Earth, it’s just a ridiculously expensive thing to do, you know? So you need to develop the capacity to turn
regolith into something useful, and there’s been a lot of proposals. What we should do is something completely
different, that is we have to ship to the moon a 3D printer and the 3D printer, using
the dust that is already on the Moon, so the Moon regolith, would build completely automatically
using the sunlight endlessly available on the Moon surface,
by baking layer after layer the Moon base in a completely automatic manner. Others think we could start shipping modules
to the moon piece by piece, similar to how we’ve built space stations in low earth
orbit. Or we could just dig an underground bunker,
tunneling under the regolith. But whichever plan we go with, there needs
to be thick walls between the people inside and the harmful environment outside. The Moon can be very hot during the daytime
and very cold at night, so you need to be able to moderate those temperatures so that
astronauts can live in a comfortable environment. You’re also exposed to radiation that comes
from the Sun and from deep space, and so you need to find ways of reducing the radiation
that astronauts are exposed to. A base on the moon would look basically like
a very large hill from the outside. And the reason for that is there’s quite a
bit of radiation on the surface of the moon…For your radiation shielding you need about five
or six meters, about 15 to 20 feet. And you’ve got to pile that on top of your
modules, which are probably a good 10 feet. So you’ve got basically a hill 30 or 40 feet
tall. The inside, particularly for early bases,
is probably very much like the inside of the International Space Station. Lots of wires and laptops and metal and storage
units and stuff like that…. But of course this very large hill will need
to be top of the line, equipped and set up with everything needed to maintain a lunar
crew. The major thing you’re going to need is, of
course, to be able to get there, to get back, to be able to enable astronauts to survive,
to be able to work in a comfortable environment that is safe, but then also to have the facilities
that are needed for research and for transport around the lunar surface. In particular, power is going to be a major
aspect of any infrastructure. Well, the stuff you need before you build
a moon base is very similar to what you need for anything else in space. The first, most important thing is you have
to be able to breathe. So that means you need a pressure vessel,
and it means you need an atmosphere that has enough oxygen and enough other stuff so the
oxygen doesn’t turn into an inferno. You need food. Of course, the food needs a lot of water,
because you need water to grow crops You’re going to have to have massive resupply
from Earth or you’re going to have to figure out how to get water out of the lunar soil. Yes, a lunar base does seem futuristic and
sci-fi, but we’re already working on all the things required down here on Earth. We’re 3D printing building blocks using
materials that simulate lunar regolith. Scientists are planning missions to further
study lunar ice in order to better prepare for extraction. There are groundbreaking greenhouses around
the world proving agriculture can flourish inside. And with the rise of private space companies,
the cost of sending supplies or people to the moon might be on its way down, especially
if Elon Musk’s “Big Falcon Rocket” comes to fruition. This is the rocket that is hoping to send
a Japanese billionaire to the moon and one day carry some of the first Mars explorers. So, then what is stopping us? First of all, in my opinion more than a technical
aspect or a technical issue, more than that is a political issue. What we need to solve is we need to get all
the political need and will to do a mission of this proportion. We need to have not just Europe, not just
the United States, but certainly Europe, certainly the United States, Russia, India, China, Japan,
Canada all working in a mission of this proportion. I think the fundamental reason there’s not
a base on the moon today is there’s not enough interest to justify the right resources necessary. So, all we have to do is convince the governments
of the world to work together and put up billions of dollars in order to advance our understanding
of our solar system and ensure that living off Earth could be a viable option. Oh, and make sure the base is usable, safe,
has enough power, water, food, heat and oxygen. Seems easy enough. So, how close are we to a moon base? The way things are steady state, we’re not
particularly close to a moon base. People have ideas, but there’s no funded project
that says, “And when we’re done, we’re going to have built a moon base.” It just doesn’t exist at the moment. However, we’ve got these really incredible
vehicles coming online from SpaceX, or at least we hope they’re going to come online
within not too terribly long. If those vehicles become available, and they
meet something resembling what industry rumor and SpaceX says they might meet, then you
could easily see serious progress on a lunar base in five or ten years. So my hope is that within 10 or so years from
now, we would be having the first human missions returning to the lunar surface. So once we’ve done that, we can start to build
up the capabilities that we would need, and so my expectation is that a base at the lunar
surface, based on current planning, would become possible during the mid to end point
of the 2030s. That’s when I would expect it to happen. To state how close we are is very difficult
for me at the moment. What I can say is that what we need to have,
again, I’m saying this many times because this is really the missing bit at the moment. We need to have the will of many political
entities in the world to decide to go and build a Moon base. In my opinion, we are certainly not talking
about hundreds of years, we are talking about few decades to get a functioning Moon base
on the Moon surface. Great, where do I sign up? If this episode piqued your interest on lunar travel, you should check out our Apollo series. It covers each Apollo mission, from the tragic to the triumphant. Check out the complete series playlist. Thanks for watching and don’t forget to share, subscribe and comment.

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100 thoughts on “How Close Are We to Building a Moon Base?

  1. Automunus robots and 3d printing structures are key. Robots can and should build the bulk of the building shells. You can build very large structures with thick walls. The water in on the lunar surface alone is enough to fuel rockets, provide oxygen, water to drink for humans and plants.

  2. I bet you 100 pounds they are already there from my research project horizon was actually a back project that they actually carried out. What about all the orbs seen flying all over the moon and black triangles frying to the moon cigar looking craft too I think breakway civilizations are already there.

  3. A large amount of people don't believe we have ever been to the moon in the 1960s. (Guessing their number is from 11 to 25 percent of the population) If there is a return to the moon, do these incredibly stupid people eat crow, or do they double down and refuse to believe a new return trip?

  4. AOC said we could be up there within a few days we’re going to build a bridge and use rubberband powered cars we can put the cows up there too so we can’t smell their farts.

  5. The moon is peppard with craters from meteors as it hasn't an orbit like earth's that burns most of them up. My question is how would they stop a meteor hitting a base on the moon?

  6. Why invest billions of dollars in a Moon base,when you can invest billions of dollars in a Mars base.Because Mars we can make to look like Earth,Mars we just needs to heat it.But the Moon will never be like Earth.
    You understand what I mean.
    We can create our future on Mars.With a base on Mars,we not only research the planet better but also make it habitable.And you know something,if one day the end of the world is coming.We’ll have a New home.People will survive.
    Humanity will not disappear from the universe.
    What I mean is Why we invest billions of dollars in a base on the Moon(which we can never do do to look like the Earth),it’s better to invest in a base on Mars.

  7. Earth is the largest small planet in the solar system. We need a rotating space station in the shape of a wheel with the spaceport in the center. The reason for this is out when people are returning from Mars which only has 38% of the gravity of earth they need rehabilitation and that could take place on the rotating space Station. Depending how far away from the center you could ramp up the percentage of earths gravity from 40 to 60 to 80 to 100%.

  8. Too difficult as flesh and bone humans.. either we need to augment ourselves or double down on AI and robotics and the bow out of the equation

  9. Crazy question about a moon base. Modern astronauts can't figure out how to get through the van allen radiation belts. They "quote" lost the technology. Moon my ass, big money racket.

  10. I believe you need a ship, that is also a base, that can land stay and leave when the need arises. Ive wondered if the falcon rocket will use similar thrusters seen on supposed UFO's.

  11. We also thought that in 2015 there would be flying cars. 10 years is nothing in real time…Something of this magnitude is 50+ years EASILY away.

  12. “How close are we to building a lunar base?” No closer than we have ever been. Claiming to have landed and been on the moon does not make it so. Since NASA has “lost” the technology and the telemetry data from the supposed landings from 1969 to 1972, it would seem that they put no value on it. This would only be true if you never intended to go back or if it was bogus. As time rolls on many problems have risen about NASA’s information concerning this great event. There are way too many questions that challenge the veracity of their official account. So “how close are we” is hanging out there in limbo until we get valid answers from NASA which doesn’t seem to be any time soon since they simply kick the same old beat up can down a winding, twisting, irregular and convoluted road.

  13. We're about 70 yeats behind where the Nazis would be if we made the right choice to stand With them against the corrupt Jew banksters and lying Jew media.

  14. Well then your going to need capitalism to get you there,! In order to get help from the world you're going to have to get their damn mind off of climate change global warming and socialism..!
    And if they really believed in that claptrap science then they should fully understand that the financial engine capitalism is the only way that you're going to escape this plannet and whatever Doom they think's going to happen to them..!
    Not one indentured servants socialist original colony lasted in the United States, only English corporate capitalist colonies survived ..!

  15. For about 70+ years but I'd say way sooner. Moon, mars, etc. Def have bases, def are occupied. Secret space programs been existed. This vid is way behind. What's spoke about already been happened. 🍻

  16. India is ready man. The only country which landed on the right place on the moon. A mission with true purpose.

  17. Already have the kit, the equipment, and technology. So let's already start this up, i wanna go there to see the moon in person and not live to be in my 30 to 40's to seeing this happen. Cause i only know of is hearing just nothing but talk and talk when we already can do this and should of been doing this by now.

  18. Talk the world into not arguing, manipulating each other. There'd be no real reason to fund military budgets so lavishly. There's your funds. Military personnel could be directed towards infrastructure here and there.
    If we don't address the one problem of conflict here, it'll be there too…and then what's the real point in going if all we'll end up doing is extending the battlefield?
    In all seriousness…we could have already been there and farther if it weren't for bickering, dickering between people, nation's.

  19. We are not close at all. We lack one piece of technology, artificial gravity. Until you can simulate full gravity, Humans are not going to going any where for long er than a quick visit. We have had the technology to get to the moon, build stuff there and even send people back and forth for decades, except for that little gravity problem. Humans deteriorate quickly in low or no gravity environments. A few days to a week or so, we can handle with minimal after effects. But staying longer and the body does not recover so well. Some who have spent a few months on the ISS can never go back to space again and their life spans on Earth are now shortened.

    We will not be colonizing the moon or Mars or asteroids until we solve this problem. We can do space stations that have a spin induced, like the O'Neil tubular or von Braun rings, but until then we are going to be living on space stations either.

  20. Bigelow Aerospace has been working on their "First Base" system for over a decade, the one thing they haven't had is a platform large enough to land it on the surface of the Moon. SpaceX Starship will be able to deliver large cargo to the Moon within a couple of years. This makes a initial base for construction of a much larger base.

  21. Great! We not only made the earth a garbage dump . Polluted the water and oceans. We now are ready to do the same to the moon. Nothing will biodegrade for millennia . It will become a Sht Hole! Insane!!

  22. The lunar habitat should be put in a small creator and covered in soil (moon dirt) this will greatly protect the astronauts from radiation

  23. They need to find an old lava tube and seal the ends. It would protect from radiation and thermal changes and could be pressurized with air. If they could find a glacier, you have water for plants as well as extracting oxygen to support life and make rocket fuel.

  24. The problem isn’t landing there? Or building the base? It’s our friendly neighborhood star! And all of the cosmic rays our planet protects us from? Good luck having nads that don’t look like raisins!

  25. How about we spend money on Mother Earth, save our planet, and try to stop the extinction of more species? Isn't our planet, the millions of species and the future of our children more important than putting people on a dead rock?

  26. Seeker: we need to of fuel to go back to earth.

    Mumbo jumbo: a flying machine would be easier

    Seeker: we need a door to separate the astronaut from uv radiation

    Mumbo jumbo: 3×3 vault door

  27. Someone still believes that people went on moon in 1969… I mean come on. You really believe that we wouldn`t have moon base already if that was the case?? It`s been 50 years now since " moon landing ".

  28. why don't we just rent from the aliens on the back side of the moon or repurpose some of the abandon ruins that are already there?

  29. I really love going into space. Last time it was on a flight from London to Barcelona. Boy did we go up high. You could look down at the clouds. Well you could when you were above England.. Spain is always sunny so there aren't any clouds.

  30. Apollo opened scientific eyes to an unexpected reality: that space is essentially a huge microwave oven. We haven't put anyone is space since for that reason (the so-called "space station" doesn't count since it's actually the "low earth orbit station" and still protected by the earth's magnetic field). The ESA guy's notion that if governments hold hands and sing kumbaya a moon base will get built is utter bs. It's a prime example of the garbage scientists spout in order to keep tax dollars flowing their way so that they don't have to get real jobs. And they know it's bs. Which is why they keep pushing back the goal post. It's time to acknowledge scientific reality and abandon the idea of humans being interplanetary beings. Sure, someone will probably walk on the moon again. But permanent, human occupied moon bases? Colonizing other planets? Traveling to other star systems? Not gonna happen. Not tomorrow. Not a thousand years from now. Accept it.

  31. Stop all this rubbish . It's impossible to go above low earth orbit . Paintings , cartoons ,cgi and very bad movie is so obvious . Not any evidence we have been to the moon .

  32. out of all the things mentioned that we would need to deal with to live on the moon , such as oxygen , water etc etc , not one person even mentioned GRAVITY problems. The Moon's surface gravity is about 1/6th as powerful or about 1.6 meters per second per second. The Moon's surface gravity is weaker because it is far less massive than Earth. … i wonder if that would cause any issues ?

  33. 7:12 Not really. I agree you need a major nations government behind it. But the last time these nations 'worked' together, we got the ISS and it's whopping $150 billion price tag. Private companies will be FAR more efficient and eventually, through innovation and demand, more affordable. I personally wouldn't want the EU or the US being in charge of anything considering how they handle their own nations and their own very heated politics. But if I was a betting man, it'll either be the US or a private company who will be the first on Mars, unless the communists come out of nowhere.

  34. America have already a moon base and more bases in the solar system and beyond that.
    That way they have a space fleet.
    Not so secret animore.
    They tel you notting but there are many people on earth that make contact with other aliens bieings in space

  35. There are people on earth with a human soul but also people with a alien soul .

  36. The first 3 minutes of this video is a 100% rehash of all the things were going to do !!!! I don't think there is any doubt in any educated person's mind WHAT needs to be done – SINCE 1979!!! But despite HUGE advances in technology, here we are still talking about it! We took the first steps, then marked time since, without a single step forward!! As the saying goes – PISS OR GET OFF THE POT – ALREADY!!!!

  37. A good movie on this topic although SciFi is one called Moon with Sam Rockwell. Check it out. P.S. – NASA and well others have a difficult time keeping the ISS supplied and it's only 250 or so miles away.

  38. All the ideas he presents accomplish nothing except huge expense and waste of precious resources. We know we can but there is no reason. It will never ever be self sustaining, we already know there is nothing there and worse than Mars: The logistics are ridiculous yet billionaires Musk, Bezos, Branson want to colonize Mars. Stephen Hawking said we must go to Mars now if humans will survive because they have killed Earth. An absurd, stupid thing to say especially from a supposedly brilliant man. But his theories were also wrong.

  39. Why don't we just send humanoid robots that we control at home or somethŋ? Maybe work with farming and telemetry without all the worrys''' of protectŋ folks for a while, right????

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