Australia, officially Commonwealth of Australia,is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent and also is the smallest inhabited continent of the seven continents. Although it is rich in natural resources and has a lot of fertile land, more than one-third of Australia is desert The famous outback (remote rural areas) contains the country’s largest deserts, where there are scorching temperatures, little water, and almost no vegetation Running around the eastern and southeastern edge of Australia is the Great Dividing Range This 2,300-mile (3,700-kilometer) stretch of mountain sends water down into Australia’s most important rivers and the Great Artesian Basin, the largest groundwater source in the world The country is divided into six states (Southern Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and Tasmania) and two self-governing territories: Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory The Great Barrier Reef in Eastern Australia is the biggest coral reef in the world with more than 3,000 reefs in which live more than 350 species of corals and over 1,500 species of fish. There are many great attractions in the country. Some of these are Sydney that the iconic Opera House was opened in 1973 and was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon Perth: the biggest city in Western Australia with lovely Fremantle nearby Adelaide: the main city in South Australia and is known for one of the largest Christmas parades in the world. Brisbane: centre of the Gold Coast with numerous resorts for an exciting beach holiday Kakadu National Park,situated in the Northern Territory, is a World Heritage Site with its wide variety of wildlife. The highest mountain of Australia is Mount Kosciuszko with 2.228metres or 7,310ft. The area around Mt Kosciuszko is known as Australia’s winter sports region, with numerous slopes attracting skiers and snowboarders. Australia is home to many animal species. On the roadsigns, you can see a wombat and a kangaroo Australia is also a home to many of the deadliest species of animals on the planet. There are 36 species of poisonous funnel-web spiders in eastern Australia. There are also 20 types of venomous snakes, including the taipan, which attacks without warning and bites repeatedly, killing its victim in minutes. Australia is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse nations. Nearly a quarter of the people who live in Australia were born in other countries. Aborigines making up 2% of Australia’s population today are the indigenous Australians who originally settled on the continent and are said to have migrated there from the Australasian continent over 60,000 years ago. Australia’s warm, sunny climate and abundance of open spaces gives the population a love of the outdoors Although Australia is a predominantly Christian country, with about 64% of all Australians identifying as Christian, there is no official state religion Australia has no official language, but the majority of the population speaks English as a first language with a distinctive accent and vocabulary. Australian art dates back to prehistoric times. It includes Aboriginal, Colonial, Landscape, Atelier, early twentieth century painters, print makers, photographers, sculptors, and contemporary art.