Major natural resources in Zambia

Major natural resources in Zambia

(smiles…)Hello, welcome to Biogreat Tv,
if you’re new here please subscribe and turn on the notification so
you don’t miss our next video. Major natural resources in Zambia I was about ten years old when I first heard
about the country known as Zambia. Well, I read about the country actually. There was a
comprehension passage in the English language text book I used in my
junior secondary school days, and the title was “Zambia shall be free”. The comprehension passage was an excerpt from
the book with the same title, written by Zambia’s first President,
Kenneth Kaunda. I remember imagining what Zambia was like;
if their schools were like the one I was attending at the time, because Kaunda
wrote about a time he was sent home from school as a child because
he had not paid his fees. He wrote that he cried all the way home. “Why would he cry?” I thought. I
reasoned how happy I would be if only I could be sent home for just one
day so I could play my Ninetendo video game all day, without bothering
about solving some annoying math problems! But my dad ensured that never happened as
all my fees were paid promptly! So how is Zambia really like? Let’s see some of the natural resources
that make Zambia tick. Zambia has a broad range of natural resources
which include copper, cobalt, silver, uranium, lead, coal, zinc,
gold, and emerald. The country is actually one of the main producers
of semi-precious gemstones and cobalt. Zambia is also recognized internationally
as a major producer of tourmaline, amethyst, and aquamarine. Wildlife is also abundant in the country,
as well as lakes and rivers. However, the mining industry has been the
country’s main economic backbone, especially the mining and refining
of copper. Copper
Zambia is the seventh largest producer of copper globally, having about 6
percent of global copper reserves. It is the second largest producer in
Africa, after the Democratic Republic of Congo. The economy of Zambia has historically been
based on the mining of copper. Approximately 900,000 tons of copper are produced
annually in Zambia. That figure is likely to increase soon, given
the ongoing infrastructural developments in the country. Copper is currently the country’s major
export, accounting for more than 60 percent of the nation’s total exports
and generating about 45 percent of government revenues. In addition,
Zambia alone accounts for about 70% of Africa’s total copper exports. The copper industry in Zambia is highly privatized,
and has been heavily invested in by China. Copper mining companies are the biggest employers
of labour in the country. Over 60,000 people were employed in that sub-sector
in 2012, and close to 220,000 indirect jobs were created. Wildlife
Zambia has a varied collection of flora and fauna, most of which is located
within the country’s protected areas. There are 20 national parks in Zambia, protecting
roughly 6.4 percent of the country’s total area. Each park is also surrounded by what is known
as a Game Management Area (GMA), which serves
as a buffer zone that helps in the regulation of hunting and timber
harvesting. 15 percent of the country is covered by GMA’s,
while forests cover about 7%. Together, about 22 percent of the country
is well protected. Zambia is a popular destination for tourists
who want to see Africa’s diverse wildlife. Hence, tourism thrives in the country as one
of the largest employers and foreign exchange earners. The big “five”; lion, leopard, rhinoceros, elephant, and Cape buffalo are
found in Zambian parks and buffalo can sometimes be found beyond the
parks. Other animals that can be found outside of
Zambian parks include the spotted hyena, hippopotamus, and Nile crocodile. Water
Zambia has numerous rivers which provide the country with extensive
water resources. Besides being sources of supply for household
water, these rivers have been dammed to generate
hydroelectric power. The Zambezi River and the Congo River are
two major rivers in the country. 75 percent of Zambia is covered by the Zambezi
River. Other Mineral Resources
There are large deposits of limestone in Zambia, around the Lusaka region
of the country. Zambia also has significant reserves of coal
and has been producing this mineral since 1967. Silica sand, feldspar, emerald and platinum
are also found in significant amounts. Gold and platinum are usually produced as
byproducts of copper mining. But gold is also mined separately but on a
small scale. Gold has been mined in Zambia since 1902 when
white settlers there began exploration activities in the country. There are about twenty large gold mines in
the country, three of which produced at least 2 tons of gold. Over 300 other gold occurrences have been
reported in the country by exploration geologists. If the discoveries continue, Zambia may just
become a major gold producer in Africa. Which have we missed out of these resources? Let’s know in the comment
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