SAVE THE FROGS! in Belize: Ecology, Conservation, and Eco-tours

SAVE THE FROGS! in Belize: Ecology, Conservation, and Eco-tours

hello and welcome to attending the save the frogs webinar all about belize today we're going to learn about if phibian ecology and conservation in Belize we're going to talk about the status of event and phibian conservation in Belize what save the frogs has been during in Belize and you'll learn all about our amazing eco tours so my name is Michael Starkey and I'm save the frogs advisory committee chairman and an ecologist I've been traveling to bleeze for over about six years now and I've seen a lot of amazing fit bands I've also learned a lot about the conservation efforts that are happening in the country but first of all it's important to know that Belize is a young country formerly British Honduras Belize got its independence from great britain in 1981 and work in the Yucatan Peninsula and Central America right beneath Mexico and just east of Guatemala and so it's a very small country but has some pretty nice infineon diversity some important things to know about believes is that there is a small but growing population it's estimated that there's between 350,000 400,000 people living in Belize but it's estimated that by 2020 there'll have about 1 million people living in Belize now the rainforest is quite intact but it is threatened like many countries in Central America there is an issue of overharvesting of timber and clear cutting of the rainforest but because Belize has for the most part maintained much of its rainforest still much of it is intact and the biggest import to Belize is eco tourism and it's pretty easy to see why it's a beautiful country it's known for its great diving and tropical beaches it's right on the coast of one of the largest Barrier Reef's on the planet it has a rich diversity of culture from the people Garifuna our Creole of the Mayan or Mexican descent it has many Mayan archaeological sites that are well maintained and preserved and the wildlife is cool so from jaguar's to scarlet macaws the diversity of wildlife is incredible now in phibian conservation in Belize is somewhat of an interesting issue because not much is known about the incidence of police now it's estimated that there's about thirty eight different species but that's just because scientists have yet to do so many formal surveys because many of the areas that are protected in Belize are actually quite remote and unfortunately scientists and mapping little survey of them so it's estimated though by scientists in the country though there may be 260 is somewhere is 80 different species of amphibian in Belize but we have yet to identify them all now I like I said little is known about these species because it's hard to find them where you know in these remote areas but so far there's about 40 species that have been identified now like many countries around the world Belize has quite a few species a special concern with about fifteen percent that are actually listed in some way as threatened vulnerable as might even be critically endangered and this is just adding to what's happening around the world you know there's about seven thousand species of opinions on the planet at about 2,500 to 3,000 are threatened by extinction meaning their populations are in decline now this is happening for many reasons from a worldwide habitat destruction overharvesting climate change and many different factors are combining combining themselves have synergistic effects so they're having combined effects that's why we're seeing a decline and the overall population population of Athenians around the world now and just like around the world the same thing is happening in Belize and the number one threats habitat degradation where people go they tend to drain wetlands clear rainforests for cattle agriculture or farming and we've seen you know quite a bit of this happening in Belize and with that estimated population growth of 1 million people by 2020 we're gonna see more for us being taken away now species depend on Christine force to survive and there's a lot of farming efforts that are highly unregulated in Belize and on this photo this is an example of just a subsistence form of coffee actually and so many people don't think about where their food comes from and you know a lot of these things that we cherish like coffee for example are grown in Central or South American countries and they grow and reign for us but they have to clear quite a bit of the rain for spray lots of pesticides and clear the leaf litter now this leaf litter is very important for infineon species many depending on this leaf litter to lay their eggs in to hide in and many species such as the chalks rain frog depend on this forest leaf litter to survive and this species is actually listed in Belize so its population is also declining so habitat degradation is a big problem for Vivian's of Belize well however though there is a high level of habitat protection and we can link this big kitty here you know the Jaguar is a species that ranges as far north as Arizona and parts of Texas and travels far south into South America but in the leaves it actually is known to have the first established Jaguar preserve now the Belize government established a corridor throughout most of beliefs especially in central believes of contiguous habitats of intact habitat that's protected so there will be no development no clear cutting or anything like that and the whole idea was to preserve the biodiversity the forests with the main interest of the jaguar jaguar require hundreds of miles to find prey and meet other Jaguars to breed and so they need lots of habitat now they act as a flagship species and by protecting all this acreage for the Jaguar we protect much more habitat for top peers and other animals including scarlet macaws and also our beloved in phibian so we can make the Jaguar for that great protection of habitat another big threat in fittings in Belize are the spread of pesticides and pollution much of belize's farming efforts go highly unregulated and pretty much anything can be used as to use on crops for pest control or fertilized these crops and so much of it is spray over the crops and when it rains it drains off into you know wetlands and streams and it gets into the afib ian skin because in fit me ins are highly susceptible to pesticides and because if it means act like little sponges so their skin is permeable meaning they literally drink through their skin they soak up water and nutrients but they can also absorb toxins and chemicals like what we find in s asides now in fib Ian's deformities how to actually been observed and believes and much about in the United States we've seen the deformities that are coming from too many chemicals out into a water body and it literally affects the genes and changes the the growth of the amphibians and so we observe these deformities in the United States now the deformities and believes have not been directly correlated to that with pesticides because there's been a lack of research on the subject but we're finding though but it's the same kind of things we're seeing in the United States and so it's only a matter of time before we prove that this is coming from the high use high unregulated use of these chemicals in Belize and infectious disease is also a potentially very threatening issue for in fib enums in Belize the disease in question is the kitchen fungus which is responsible for the extinction of over 100 species around the globe and 300 plus species of amphibians have it around the world have been detected with this fungus now unfortunately at the time being it has not been detected in Belize but neighboring countries like in Guatemala and Mexico are definitely been confirmed to have this disease and so it's theorized that beliefs does have disease but because again of a lack of study in the area not enough samples have been identified and so we have not proven that the fungus is in Belize but in all likelihood it is and it is most likely affecting afib ians there but further research on the subject will tell whether or not the prevalence of kichard I guess what what the issue is for the opinions of beliefs so it's only a matter of time before we find that out now say the frogs has been traveling to believe since 2012 and the first time that I went there I went around the country and gave presentations and met with biologists in order to spread say the frogs mission believes and so a big campaign was just simply public education because most people do not know that in fittings are going extinct it's just something that is not discussed in the country but Belize is a hot spot for conservationists and environmental efforts having to preserve this country's biodiversity and so in fib ians fit in with that visa these topics and so I travel down there to get presentations and network but also is important to broaden Belize network of students academics and biologists or anyone interested in phibian conservation and so I've given dozens of lectures in in Belize just to spread this message of the infilling extinction crisis and further the conservation efforts that are geared towards in fib ians now also while I was there training field biologists and other staff from nonprofit organizations that work in the country many of these people are working with larger animals like Jaguar or top here but they're not looking at in fib ians and so now they're able to go out into their study sites and fine and fit bands and take data on them and see if there's any trends if you know or see more if it means one year less the next year and start developing surveys so they can get a baseline for future years to see what the infants are doing and so this was a we've held quite a few workshops in the country and I will be giving more in the future as well to train staff and other biologists of amphibians now also a big part of the work is save the frogs is work with the next generation so getting students involved because there are the ones that will be inheriting the problems of tomorrow and so we need to invoke a culture of conservation these students because if they don't care about these animals now they're not going to care about them when I grow up and so for example in this photo I'm giving a talk in a remote village Blue Creek to the school and so I spoke to about 70 Mayan children about frogs and it was amazing because many of these students all I don't think about in Finian's too much many of them think about frogs just as you know this is something I throw my sister they're just not appreciated in that same way but the these kids are so excited to see this talk they even carry their own chairs to the presentation so it was quite an experience to give these talk this talk to these children and hearing 70 kids make frog calls is pretty remarkable sight and I've been coming back to this village for about every two years the last six years and these children still recognize me when I come into town and the way I know that recognizes me because they're very quiet in general but you'll hear one make a frog call turn around and call back then the giggle run off into the forest so it's pretty rewarding thing to be able to have these opportunities now and so we're developing more educational programs and educational literature for students that they can take to the schools and spread it around with their families and friends just so they know about infants and they could appreciate them more and learn about them because they're learning about metamorphosis and if it be in life cycles and how it ties into the big picture so developing that and while i was in belize i was able to give a great talk to the belize zoo's Conservation Camp and this Conservation Camp they have students from all of our beliefs just learning about wildlife and what they could do to protect it and I had kind of interesting encounter with the students and i'd like to share this with you now so go ahead and play this guy's balls up here so so that frog that i was doing last night it's called a tumor a frog and so it sounds like if I'm white frog I'm gonna call why other frog friends I'm gonna start calling and I expect call back so when I go I here and then now I would all have the same tie right of you about like much different times so if one starts calling it another starts calling happens all there are times to join in whenever you feel right seriously getting students to make broad calls is probably the highlight of my life but moving on another thing that we're doing in Belize is to promote environmental stewardship Belize has a culture of wanting to protect the forest protect the barrier reef but unfortunately there are still some things though that kind of get lost in in this effort to take care of the environment and so while we're in believes we do promote environmental stewardship and every way this is an example of that so this is the dump in Punta Gorda which is in Southern beliefs now unfortunately what happens is when you go to the dump you basically just dump your trash off the side of the road and then it is burned now that's not a permanent solution of dealing with waste and so promoting more environmental stewardship techniques is one thing that saved the frogs does teaching you know the importance of reusing items and you know recycling if possible Belize is just now starting to develop a recycling program and so we're trying to promote it as much as possible however like i said before they're already as a culture of conservation and many people are working to make Belize a nice cleaner greener place and so around believes you'll see things like this which is a sign in placencia which is on the coast and it says show your love for DC and de green no throw trash keep dissing clean and very simple great way to educate people about you know the importance of taking here in the environment so and say the frogs is on board with this and we're trying to promote it as much as possible now and this is a group of students that I spoke to in it is in near San Ignacio which is right on the Guatemalan border and these are a group of high school students that were basically just young conservation biologists and so we were just talking about how to further promote this you know idea of environmental stewardship and taking care of the environment and one of these students in particular actually gave me one of my tag lines that i get for my talks and it's make conservation habit and so this one girl does she asked this question about why isn't it a habit to take care of the planet and she just kept saying that like we should make conservation to have it and so I believe very firmly in that say the frogs believes very firmly in that is that individual action will literally it does make quite a big difference and so everyone should invoke in their lives this this idea of making conservation to have it and when we see the world before us being turned into a trash dump you know it is up to us to make because every little step makes the world a better place now we also have quite a few campaigns to protect infants and so some species are not thought too much about then some actually get quite a bit of negative intention like this is the marine toad also called the cane toad now the cane toad is famous or i should say infamous because in many countries around the world it is invasive species especially in places like Australia where it's causing quite a disaster for the native ecosystems but in Central and South America the marine toad is completely native and and it should should be cherished as well because it's one of Central America's largest toad species they're quite charismatic in my opinion and I love their grumpy looking little faces and they these huge poison glands on their the on the side of their head and so they're pretty interesting cool but unfortunately they come into conflict with people because they do quite well in urban settings and they really don't actually get in conflict with people but they get in contact with people's pets namely their dogs because when a dog finds a cane toad they'll bite them and chew on them and Toad's puff up and they squeak they actually be picked them up they let it may emit a distress call and they kind of like a big giant squeaker toy unfortunately that poison in the back of the toad will kill those dogs in one hour and so people get quite upset when they keep losing their dogs and so they do kill the toads quite indiscriminately and so we try and sell this in a few different ways but one is that we we write articles and we give presentations talking about the importance of these toads because the cane toad while it might be a problem for dogs it's actually great at keeping down mice and cockroaches which are things that people definitely don't want in their houses but they also eat the very dangerous for the Lots so cane toads have been observed eat juvenal fer-de-lance which is a venomous snake and is one of the most dangerous snakes in Central America believes included and so we teach people how to make you know toad friendly houses and so you know basically all the people have to do sweep them out away from the house watch their dogs more clean up the yard so it doesn't attract toads like leave pick up standing water things like that and then the toads will go away and so we wrote an article just you know talking about this in the San Pedro Sun which is an newspaper that is on the island of San Pedro so we're still working to protect these guys they need our help quite a bit and we're also working to inspire the next generation appreciate appreciate nature and Wildlife it's like I said before they you know they will be working on tomorrow's problems and so we got to get them liking frogs and loving frogs and so they'll want to take care of them in the future we also are working on some field research in the in Belize for the last two years I've been working with pleasing her batala gist trying to get a survey off the ground into Maya mountains now this would be to detect kichard fungus and also look for new species oven fit man's kind of like I said there's not much work being done currently in the country to study in fit man's and so this idea would be to look for these news because they're out there and see how they're doing as well unfortunately no funding has been a big issue and so we have not been able to the funds off the ground in conducting surveys but hopefully in the future we will and I was a part of one of the first infineon surveys and SAR soon to match national park which is in southern belize and as you can see from the photo it has a quite an experience we had to take a boat from the town of Barranco out to this Marsh estuary type area and it's basically a flooded forest and during the wet season and so we're waiting out there looking for opinions oil drilling has become a big thing in Belize and they found oil on the coast as well as inland and this is actually a infineon survey for actually just looking to see what species were sensitive because they're going to begin drilling and it's part of the area and so the idea is to see if there is any critically endangered species or anything threatened before the begin construction so there are quite a few conflicts with the wildlife and it should be known that you know when people expand out into the forest they're bound to run into some issues and so there's been quite a few amazing stories of conservation or conservationists and other people helping wildlife because then again the conflict and these animals have to go somewhere or be rehabilitated and that's why there was a creation the Belize while at conservation network and it's a group of different NGOs and individuals that are all working together to help elysium wildlife and so say the frogs are the part of this by giving lectures to these groups and trying to be helping the infinium xin any part that we can now I want to discuss the frogs and toads of Belize and so while we've spent time and believes we've been able to see many different types of frogs and toads and so these two individuals are Mexican tree frogs I'll talk a little bit more about them in a minute but there are many different amazing types of frogs and toads in Belize and like the one I mentioned before the marine toad also called the cane toad is the largest toe that we find in Belize I guess it's actually the largest amphibian that we find in Belize police in size because there are some other interesting Sicilians which are a long stink like in fib Ian that probably a little longer but definitely not as heavy but marine toad is an awesome toad the very common around urban areas and you'll definitely see them when you come with us to believe they are a native species to Belize like I said before and so unlike in other parts of the world you can like them in Belize now there's another species called the Gulf Coast toad which they call the Gulf Coast because they're on the Gulf Coast and they are very very common as well and they're known because they have small little poison glands and they have this very spiky pattern on their backs and legs and that is to actually break up their pattern and their silhouette upon the leaf litter and they blend in looking like leaf now they come in many different colors which is always exciting from reds to gold's to browns they're very very beautiful toads and of common one that you'll see in Belize and like I was talking about those Mexican tree frogs they're also called bottoms tree frogs they're a very pretty common tree frog big about the size of a palm and absolutely beautiful and they come in lots of different colors yell well yellows Browns in this very very beautiful green coloration right underneath her eye they have a beautiful green Fleck that's almost fluorescent it's quite gorgeous if you're very lucky you'll be able to find the blue spotted tree frog which is a species of special concern in Belize um and namely because of their habitat is disappearing because this species depends on tree hollows that fill with water to lay their eggs in they really like that habitat and so trees are being clear these frogs and have a place to lay their eggs and so a very cool frog they also will lay their eggs in little puddles so they depend on you know good habitat lay their eggs and then if you're really lucky you give the Seabees amazing guys um the pepper tree frogs are vain to tree frogs absolutely beautiful they just look at that I just a very very beautiful coloration and a cool thing about these frogs and actually learned this the hard way I had one of these jump on my face one of the first times I went to Belize I was on a tree and I was looking at it too closely and that looked at me and I jumped on my face and after he jumped off my face a few minutes later I started having a irritation to my eyes and they have a it's not necessarily a true toxin but it's some chemical on their skin that it will irritate your eyes and produce a histamine like reaction so important thing to know whenever you handle and fibia ends is that some of them actually do have little toxins or irritants in their skin and so it's best to keep handling to a minimum also really important that we actually do much more haunted them than they do to us because we have oils that our hands that get in their skin or you know if we have bug spray or suntan lotion things like that very easy to soak up with at affinion skin so it's best if you're ever the handle in fib and wash your hands with water and keep your hands wet and keep handling to a minimum it does stress them out a little bit and then we also see lots of yellow tree frogs which is a very common species in Belize absolutely i mean called the old tree frogs are quite yellow and they're very very common this little male is trying to attract a mate and they do a very good job of it and he was so distracted he didn't mind me catching a good photo of him and then another really cool frog you find with the illest reef rise and big ponds are stoppers tree frogs there another neat frogs but you can easily catch a photo of calling they get quite distracted and just give you an idea what these guys sound like they're quite cool so another species we have is the rain frog the genus krog aster formerly looted oculus is a type of leaf litter frog as well they depend on great leaf litter and forests and usually near streams this is another species of special concern and also a luta decklist leprous or the model tripping frog as and other species that's not doing very well in country but it's Gannon's this loss of habitat and many of these species are also affected by the kitchen fungus and some more common species that we have or the foam frogs left a necklace for jealous they come in a variety of colors from browns and golds to fluorescent red they're very very beautiful frog and they're quite tiny so they're about the size of a thumb very very very cool type of frogs they call them foam frogs because this genus they lay big foamy nests that they lay their eggs in and so they usually lay in them and lay about two to five thousand eggs it's Brittany to see their phony little nests very different than the frogs back in the United States which lay big jelly like egg masses and so you can find these during the wet season breeding like crazy very cool frog and then if you're really lucky you'll see the famous red-eyed tree frog which is the symbol of the rainforest we have many of them in Belize they like to breed in big open ponds and they'll be high in the canopy all year round and then when the summer rains come they come on down and they breed a few meters above the pond where their eggs will drip into the pond below and they hatch so a very beautiful frog and we always love finding them on our trips and believes and some of the larger frogs we haven't believes with a leopard frogs and a common one is the Rio Grande leopard frog which is probably the most widespread and distribution they they're named after the Rio Grande River in a Texas border in Mexico and they face stretching down to Panama they're a really cool frog and another species we have is the valiant leopard frog characterized by males having bright green heads the juveniles also have bright green heads as well there are largest leopard frog in Belize it get very very big and one of the coolest frogs and believes in is my favorite is the Maya Mountain frog also called Julian's frog now this species is endemic to Belize which means that it is only found in Belize and so that makes it very very special for the people of beliefs they do celebrate this frog a little bit unfortunately it's quite hard to find you have to go to some remote places to find this frog but there's a very special place that we go to in Belize where we can see them almost guaranteed so we love this frog and only found in Belize now save the frogs has been traveling to Belize for the last two years and the first time we went there was in 2013 and it was a huge success we had a great group of individuals come down and we traveled all over the country it was amazing and it was so good we had to go back so this past year in 2014 we had an amazing time and we think that 2015 is going to be even better and there's many places that we go to in Belize but why believes is a question I get quite a bit and well there's lots of frogs Belize has a good amount of frogs and it's a very easy country to get around to they speak English which is a plus for me since me espanol is muy Malo and so we go find frogs and have a great time there are many places that we travel tune believes but along the way we like to make stops at some of the Mayan archaeological sites and the site we go to is soon on 10 inch which is on the Guatemalan border called stone lady is whatchu nachan ish means it's a an ancient Mayan city it's a few thousand years old and it's a great way to take in the amazing Mayan culture and beliefs and then we also spend some time in pristine old-growth rainforest in the town of Blue Creek now named after the nice blue river that runs through the city out of the village we like to stay at the Blue Creek Lodge which is quite remote and way from noise and lights and it's a very beautiful place to hang out just we like to describe it as little rustic it's dorm style housing but the scenery is absolutely incredible we you know take dives off the dock go for many long hikes go bird watching or go for a nice dip in the rain being in southern believes it does rain a lot so during the day it'll be quite hot but then usually get some nice afternoon rains and it's pretty intense to swim this heavy heavy heavy rain and it's very very fun and so the accommodations are quite nice and simple but you know when you're sleeping in a rain forest I couldn't have it any better it Blue Creek is a great place to unwind and detach away from civilization and really find yourself there's many opportunities to do that whether that's taking a hike going for a swim so and we are guided by some people that live in the village the it's a mope on Mayan village and they take us around on earth no bot a walks where we learn about the plants and what the their traditions are with these plants and how they use them for medicines or food or making their homes and then they also take us bird watching and we'll also go check out the Blue Creek cave which is where the mouth of Blue Creek River rumps runs from now the opening this cave is incredibly huge and monumental but we aren't always able to get to it because when we go in the wet season the river it's pouring so fast out of it that sometimes we're lucky to go in if it's a mellow year we can even swim up into the cave and with headlamps which is really amazing in 2014 unfortunately we're able to do it we weren't even able to get up to that far because the river was so intense but it still makes for some great photos and if we don't make it to the the wet cave we always go to the dry cave and so getting to the back of Blue Creek cave there's an actually another entrance into the cave because a whole you know myriad of cave systems and you know it's like a just a kind of checkered throughout the forest and so some of these caves go in quite a bit and so it's a hike to get up to the site but it's pretty fun experience and we're able to hike in about a quarter mile into the cave and you know see some amazing structures and there's bats in there and lots of different cave animals that you know make this dry cave their home it's a very cool experience now we also like to see some frogs of course we're going to Belize the final food bans and Blue Creek is a great place to find those wonderful marine toads I was talking about and so it's a great place also to handle and in phibian if you've never seen one before the cane toads are very Hardy individuals and they don't mind a little bit of bothering but after a quick photo we always make sure they're happy and on their way very cool to have a nice close encounter with them it's Vivian and they're quite adorable too hard to resist taking a photo with them and then Blue Creek is just like I said an amazing place to detach and unwind there's a myriad of trails that stretch throughout the forest and you know with no internet connection and very limit electric city it's a great place to unwind and just get away from it all so Blue Creek is one of my favorite places we travel to Belize another place that we travel to is the toucan Ridge ecology and education society and this area is in the heart of the Maya mountains in central beliefs and it's 200 acres of trails and swimming holes and wonderful places to visit and it borders the saboom forest reserve which is a huge reserve on the protects acres upon acres and believes and so it's a great place also to hang out and enjoy the sights now like I said there's many trails and places to go find wildlife and go bird-watching we can also find some pretty unusual creatures of the forest and so this is a helmet at iguana which is in the Iguana family and they're very rare to find because they're so cryptic and in the forest all they do is lay against the log are a twig and they disappear they have this very cryptic camouflage and they're very hard to find this past year we found two individuals and it's I think the third one I've ever seen in my life it was quite incredible and so we get to see many amazing reptiles as well as in Vivian's and at trees or to can arrange ecology and education society they perform research it's a working research station and so you get to witness interns and biologists working on various research projects that are happening at the station so they've have camera traps set up all over where they photograph animals passing through on their trails and they've recorded three of the five cats and Belize the Jaguar of the Jaguar lundi and the Ocelot but they've also seen many large mammals and birds including they once caught a king Bulger on their camera trap which was quite incredible so it's neat to see this research happening before your eyes and on the way out of trees are going anywhere in country we always break for wildlife too and a common thing we find or snakes and so this one time we had a beautiful green vine snake crossing the road and our bus driver stopped and jumped out and move the snake off the road before it could get squished and before we knew it within five minutes we attracted a like 20 to 30 people from a neighboring village that must have told their friends hey there's a gringo grabbing a snake because snakes are somewhat vilified in Belize and you know most people unfortunately do not know the difference between a venomous snake and a snake that can't hurt you and the green vine snake is completely harmless and so it was a great teaching moment to educate people about the dangers of certain snakes versus not and you know these people got a very up close and personal look at this amazing species of snake and so we always make an effort to break for the snakes and the last place we visit in Belize is South water key now South water key is a 14-acre island that's located just off of bellezza Central Coast it's about a 45-minute boat ride from the town of dangriga and you know 14 acres it's pretty small so 14 acres that's to put it in a time concerns if you were it takes 10 minutes to walk from one end on end of the island to the other and it is amazing it's a beautiful place to hang out go for a norcal go for a nice swim go kayaking and we're able to use these incredible facilities for our own use for a few days now while we're there we have many scheduled snorkeling trips if you're a diver you can die I've actually yet to dive in Belize but many people have told me it's amazing again being the second largest Barrier Reef on the planet diving is incredible at certain times of the year you can actually dive with whale sharks which is the largest fish in the world may have some big ones that come near my believes but green sea turtles and large rays and sharks or common sites and Belize and so yeah we'll see lots of different wildlife one also thing before I forget that we like to see in Belize as we take a visit to carry boki which is a Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and it's just right Nexus a lower key and so we get to meet again many scientists and biologists that are working on the reef and over a thousand papers have been published out of that research institute and we're learning quite a bit about police's ecosystems on the ocean from this area it so it's great we get to visit these amazing people and see what research they're doing now the best part about South water key though is that night the stars are absolutely amazing you can sometimes see the the Milky Way and many shooting stars crossing over your head it's absolutely amazing place to see the stars and usually on the way back to mainland we always make a stop at a bird key or also called Manowar key where there is a a magnificent frigatebird and Brown booby colony and so you'll see hundreds of birds fighting for nest space and having a grand old time usually in the summer it's not breeding season so they're not as active but there's still tons of birds there so yes the frigate birds are if you can see in this photo little red dots the males are related to pelicans they puff up their their throats acts in a bright red throat so they used to advertise to attract female so it's quite a display and now so the question is will you join us in 2015 we'll have about 19 to 20 spots on this upcoming trip and we would love for you to join us in this amazing country please again as it places near and dear to my heart and so I do hope you can join us on our next eco-tour to Belize and with that I want to thank you for your support and for joining me on this webinar please if you have any questions feel free to email me at starkey st AR ke y at save the frogs calm I'd love to talk your ear off about Belize's and fib Ian's or invite you to join our next eco tour so I hope to hear from you soon and thanks for learning all about belize

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