"Sentence Fragments" | English Grammar with Educator.com

"Sentence Fragments" | English Grammar with Educator.com



welcome back to educator comms English grammar course this lesson is on sentence fragments let's get started alright we're gonna begin this lesson with a brief overview we're going to talk about sentence boundaries which is where fragments actually come from we're gonna talk about phrases and clauses because most sentence fragments are actually disembodied phrases and clauses and we're gonna talk about the different kinds of sentence fragments the ones that are a subordinate clause ones that have a missing subject or verb ones that have a missing subject and verb and fragments used for effect there actually is a way to use fragments correctly and I'll show you what it is alright sentence boundaries sentences need boundaries they need punctuation and other techniques to break thoughts down into easily digestible chunks humans are easily distracted we need ways to put our language in a little bit so we get it when there are too many boundaries sentences end up as fragments we've broken them down into pieces that are too small which is where we get the word fragments when there aren't enough boundary sentences end up as run-ons now we're going to cover run-ons in our next lesson but I thought I'd introduce the concept here just so you know there is the other end of the spectrum all right we're going to talk about the difference between a phrase and the clause because they make two different kinds of fragments and you fix them in different ways a phrase does not contain both a subject and a predicate now you remember from our lesson on sentence structure that the subject is whatever's performing the action and the predicate is the action they're performing a phrase is missing one of those possibly even both it may contain one or the other or it may contain neither of them but it never ever has both so we have things like to the store which is a prepositional phrase it has an object but no subject no predicate we have sleeping soundly which is participial but no subject we have once upon a time once again we have an adverb and a prepositional phrase but no subject no predicate and without saying a word another prepositional phrase now a clause unlike a phrase contains both a subject and a predicate and there are two different kinds of clauses there's an independent clause which expresses a complete thought and can stand alone so in this case I went to the store is an independent clause it could be a sentence all by itself it has a subject I it has a predicate went to the store it works perfectly well as a sentence all by itself it's independent it doesn't need anything else a dependent or subordinate clause we use both names in English unfortunately cannot stand alone it depends on another clause to do this it begins with a subordinating conjunction or a relative prone

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