today's vocabulary topic is Environment and conservation it's not one of my favorite topics I always found it very boring at school but let's get on with it the first potential threat to the environment which I could think of was smog which is like a combination of two words smoke and fog and so it's air pollution you get a lot of smog in the big cities where there's a lot of traffic a lot of factories and so there's a lot of toxic gases which go up into the atmosphere toxic is quite a good word as well you can see it here it means poisonous so if you get a lot of poisonous gases in the air you get a lot of smog it's obviously harmful to the environment and nobody likes it deforestation is simply the cutting down of trees at a industrial scale so that there's not much forest left and of course one of the results of this is soil erosion a lot of the soil gets eroded by the rain afterwards by the precipitation and erosion is a word which means this weathering by water or by rain it could be by the sea we talked about beach erosion as well and yeah or the erosion of the sides of a river as the water goes down it the water it roads the banks of the river so it's a good word to remember overpopulation is another potential threat which people often speak about they speak about the population growing to such a large degree that things become unsustainable life becomes unsustainable people over consume finite resources we start to use too much oil too much gas or perhaps just consume too much food so that we don't have enough food left and one of the results of this could be famine which came up in another lesson I believe in weather famine which is when which is widespread hunger is when there's not enough food in one area so that could be a consequence of overpopulation or overconsumption also we talked about the extinction of endangered species for example Tigers in a lot of areas are facing extinction you can also say Tigers are dying out which also came up in another lesson and so of course an endangered species is a species like the tiger which is facing extinction next we come on to one which is always in the news and through a purge enok climate change I put this word in because it means manmade climate change this just means climate change which comes from man usually it's attributed to carbon emissions too much carbon dioxide and it's to make it different from the other obvious form of climate change which is simply the Sun because the climate obviously does change we have ice ages and we have warmer periods and so anthropogenic just makes it clear that you're talking about the kind of climate change which is a direct result of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere anyway it's not something which concerns me global warming is another word for climate change and this is supposed to be an irreversible process what this means is that it cannot be reversed it cannot be turned around once the planet starts warming it's going to continue getting hotter and hotter and hotter the next one dumping of toxic or nuclear wastes in various places maybe at the bottom of the ocean and of course this does lead to the ocean becoming toxic becoming it when it's been poisoned with this nuclear waste and so it's another environmental concern the burning of fossil fuels is supposed to increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and thereby lead to climate change so it's another thing which is really often considered an environmental threat widespread flooding could be the result of climate change and we have widespread flooding every year anyway due to the weather genetically modified food is any kind of food which has been genetically modified which has been changed in some kind of way in the laboratory the genes of the food been changed perhaps to improve the yield perhaps to get more a bigger yield or perhaps to change the actual product anyway it's a concern for a lot of people because it may have health consequences it may have dire consequences for your health dire consequences means really bad consequences okay really terrible consequences so they often talk about reducing carbon emissions I believe the European Union always talking about reducing carbon emissions for businesses you can also refer this to a carbon footprint they talk about your carbon footprint now and you know they talk about reducing the amount of carbon you produce by having less children and things like that because of course that would mean you're using what you're producing far less carbon dioxide by having less children okay let's move over here we talked about the disposal of household waste usually now this is done some of the household waste is recycled so plastic packaging and paper can be recycled and certainly here in England we put the rubbish in different colored bags in order to recycle some whether that's a good idea or not I have no idea being honest I don't know if it costs more if it's you know if it actually a lot of time and money and effort is spent on it and it's not worth it I don't know but we also talked about biodegradable waste and non biodegradable waste biodegradable waste can be broken down by the environment when it's thrown away so a banana skin if you throw it away in the forest or an apple it's gonna degrade it's going to is it's not non biodegradable it's biodegradable it's going to degrade and lot and turn into its constituent atoms non biodegradable with things like plastics which don't degrade over time in the face they just remain as they are they aren't broken down they don't rot or decay and they're too good words here dead bodies wood rot or decay and food wood rot or decay but plastic bags wouldn't rot or decay although I don't know again over millions of years maybe it does I don't know okay we spoke about dire consequences terrible consequences we there's a good phrasal verb here run out of there when I was at school I was told that we would run out of oil in about 20 years time and it was a good 30 years ago because I was a vet I remember as a very little boy at the time and I went to the same school that my daughter now goes to and I see that they're still saying that they're still teaching the same thing which is that we're going to run out of oil in about 20 years I don't know if that's necessarily the case but they're still teaching this in schools here we have alternative energy or renewable energy sources this would be renewable energy source these are non-renewable what that means is they're finite they're finite the sources renewable energy would mean energy which is constantly around like the Sun the wind or the tide so if it's from the Sun we call it solar power we also talk about wind farms which in my opinion are an eyesore I saw just means a very ugly building or construction and I think they look rather ugly wind farms and I've heard that they kill a lot of birds as well that fly into the propeller blades okay and tidal power would be something which collects energy from the tide and this is something that you definitely need to know about if you come to my town because in my town we have a very big difference between high tide and low tide so twice a day you see the tide go out and and come in again and when it goes out it goes out very far a good few kilometers so that you can't actually see much of the sea you can just see it very very far off with a few large boats going on it but the difference is massive and so the the times for high tide and low tide are well known by everybody when they look in the papers before you go to the beach you check when the tides going to be in so that you can swim otherwise there's going to be no water there and you'll have to walk out a good three kilometers on the mud if you want to swim some other words related to see here the coast is obviously it's it's actually only a part of the sea which is it's actually where the land meets the ocean the coast the shore can even be on the side of an estuary or river but the coast is only where the land meets the ocean now my beach isn't really a coast because it's not where the land meets the ocean it's my beaches on the estuary of the River Thames s tree means the mouth of a river and so my shore because sure is anything it's actually on the s3 of the River Thames and that's what s3 means we also talk about a Cove a bay or a gulf this is very small and it just means a part of the water which kinda goes like that so you have the beach here and the water comes in so it's it's a slightly bigger one would be called a bay but a small one would be called a cove and a very big one like the Gulf of Mexico would be a Gulf okay so they're kind of increasing in size as we go that way Peninsula just means almost an island so it's a piece of land which kind of comes out I can't draw me very much like a bay but like Greece Greece has a peninsula at the bottom of the country I think it could use to be called Sparta I have no idea what it's called now forgive me if you're Greek and you're watching at home but this part is a peninsula it's connected to the mainland by a very thin strip so some other famous peninsulas would be the Crimea or not perhaps that's enough the Crimea or Sparta in Greece their famous peninsulas onto River rivers have a source which is where the water comes from they have a mouth which is where the water flows out into the sea and they have tributaries which mean little little rivers that come off the main river yeah little ones coming off the main river also get a river in the middle of the mountains very often we call this a valley any flat land in between the mountains would be called a valley but a river going between two high cliff edges would be called a ravine and a very big ravine would be called a gorge and so again they are pretty similar things but they're increasing in size as we go across lastly mountains if you have a mountain ridge it just means the high point when you're walking up the mountain sometimes you have a very high point between with two sharp edges going down on each way that would be a mountain ridge okay when you've got two sharp edges on each way it's not the same as a peak or summit which just means the top of the mountain and the foot would be the bottom of the mountain which would be kind of here where it's going across and you've got a drop going down on each side okay Glacia is just the type of mountain where the waters where the ice is at the top and it's melting and it's very often the source of a river or two okay I've probably made a few mistakes there this isn't my favorite topic because I've said before but please if you have any questions about this topic ask under the video and I'll do my best to answer all of them thanks for watching you

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25 thoughts on “Vocabulary ENVIRONMENT AND CONSERVATION (Lesson 16)

  1. I dont like schools, when I was about to finish secondary school in Latvia, my history teacher in our final lessen together told us that all years that she had thought, she had given us the wrong information, wrong teaching.

  2. Hi! I am so happy to explore your channel! 🙂 Thank you so much for these great informations that you give.

  3. Your lessons are very useful. You speak really fast, it will be perfect for me if you can slow down a little. I'm looking for your new lesson teacher !

  4. Could you please add some common collocations like exhaust fumes and phrasal verbs to use concerning the theme? Thanks, your lessons are very useful.

  5. Thanks i find all the things i need to develop my vocabulary about environment you are an amazing online teacher

  6. You find environmental issues very BORING????????? …Something so important and extremely urgent worldwide BORES you huh…. Dislike, you're a bore

  7. global warming is reversible with release of chemical gases into the atmosphere, and the ozone layer just recently has been shown to be repairing itself. Just thought you should know that maybe you should modify that part of the lesson. Other than that, awesome job man!

  8. I think you should have more eyes contacts with the viewers,just a personal opinion. This is really helpful for me!

  9. Let me remind you the Peninsula Ibérica, probably one of the most famous as it contains 2 countries: Spain and Portugal!

  10. Let me remind you The Peninsula Ibérica, probably one of the most famous in Europe as it contains 2 countries: Spain and Portugal!

  11. Let me remind you the Peninsula Ibérica, probably the famoust one in Europe as it contains 2 countries: Spain and Portugal!