WHY No Till Gardening Works Best with living roots, Organic Vegetable gardening for beginners 101.

WHY No Till Gardening Works Best with living roots, Organic Vegetable gardening for beginners 101.

hello this is marked from I am organic gardening and in this video I'm going to show you why no-till gardening works so well with living roots in the ground so no-till gardening started with the basics then we started adding wood chips on top of the soil and that helped a lot too because they kept the weeds down and also we weren't tilling the soil and we kept moisture in it but now it's even more improved when we have this green living roots of perennial roots in the ground all the time on your right hand side and that's taking sunlight and putting carbon back in the soil but those living roots which is a pretty living root you just can't use annuals you want a full long-term all-round perennial roots to keep that soil alive and working so I'm going to grab a sample and then we're gonna go inside and I'll show you I've captured some live images on video of the soil food web working and I'll show you that so here's my sample I have some perennial living roots in here I have my clover I went to Rye I have annual rye grass that keeps dying back and then growing again but it's giving a permanent living root to that soil which is going to form beautiful soil aggregates so with that in process we're going to go down look at the soil food web and all this beautiful soil is working because we have the soil food web now with this working so well because the plants are feeding it all the time and everything is alive we're going to focus on the nematodes which is a great thing to have in your soil all them have to be in there to work the nematodes do two things they will recycle nutrients they will give your clamps n P and K in all the other minerals sulfur you name it it will break it down because the nematodes will eat the bacteria fungi and me when they excrete them or release them after they're dead is that they give plants available nutrients to the soil so no tilling is beneficial but and also covering the soil with any kind of mulch woodchips like the back eating method hay straw that even cardboard is going to be beneficial but the most important thing is that living room that you can see now this is about six inches down now with that's doing that's aerating the soil and giving that open spaces so the nematodes which are going to show you in a little bit can move around so when there's bugs in the soil and also the feed those roots nice and deep to those nematodes are going around swinging around in the soil but eating at a deeper level in the soil releasing nutrients to all the roots in here so all these roots that are coming down in the soil because it all is opening yes so that more roots you have in the soil and the deeper they go the more the nematodes can move around this is what I learned the other day on amazon.com beneficial nematodes now in the corner will give you the name of it there's all different types but the two types that I receive are these now these two names they also give me another chart which is located here these two and then it tells you what it looks like and also what type of things that goes after so you can see that the first one says this fleas plus 200 kinds of soil pests plus the other one underneath says grubs equals or n 200 plus kinds of soil pests that's what they go after so this is the package it came in came in by a priority mail and with all the information now I'm going to activate it or follow the instructions so I can put a sample underneath the microscope so here we have the product now down here in the left hand corner says there's 10 million beneficial nematodes in this package now I'm going to say it's about three inches across and four inches high they tell you to keep out of direct sunlight and also temperature you that you should store it at very simple to use they first tell you to take water and depending on how much you want to use and so we're going to see what our temperature of our water here is but they want it between 59 and 68 degrees of what you're going to dump the solution into so let's turn this on and we have a temperature of 63 degrees so that's good to apply the powder into so I'm only going to take a little bit I cut a hole in there because the rest I'm going to say it from my garden and I'm just going to apply just a small amount now they say to stir well so I'm just going to shake it a little bit here kind of dissolve that solution and then they say wait twenty to thirty seconds and then stir again and then you can apply it inside your water and can apply to your garden also um you should do this right away and you should do it in the morning applying to the garden when it's cool temperatures out but they give you full instructions what came with the material that you bought so let's move it around again a little more time about 23 seconds went by and then we're going to take a sample like so we just need one drop and now we are going to apply that underneath the microscope now it's going to put that flight on at the microscope and we're all set so let's turn our microscope on give it a second – oh there they are there's one of them this is a nematode now it looks like a worm it's very this is only at 100 magnification now let's move things around a little bit so here we have another one I just have this tail and you can tell the difference and there's a mouth on it here's the mouth over here it's hard to keep in the screen it's just not cooperating with me so it's swinging around but this is how they move around in the soil it acts like a worm or almost like an eel if you want to say it's movement but you can see now inside you can see which is really cool now hopefully you can see this inside the darker material that's all bacteria and fungi that's been eating because here's the mouth over here and you can see it going here in this digestive system so when it's done with the bacteria fungi and it releases em or poops it out that's the nutrients that is available to your plant that's what's going to give your plants nutrients this is amazing I love this stuff now in there's a tiny little mouth here and this guy's cooperating really well male or female I don't know um but just fantastic now here's a better shot where the mouth is and searching around for bacteria I'm going to lose it up going away in the corner I'll be right back here we go there we go now the reason I bought this and I get 10 million of them in a bag it is very difficult for me to find these in my soil outside there there but they should be transferring moving and feeding them bacteria for me to capture one if there's ten million of that in that little bag you can see how difficult would be to try to capture one and getting on put on camera to show it but this is good I am so glad oh and by the way there's only cost like maybe twelve bucks and another maybe twelve dollars to ship it so it's totally worth it for me to try this and I'm learning so much now I wish I had a better one if I can magnify this one more time Ollie and I brought up to a thousand I don't know if we're going to be able to there now this is a thousand magnification now you can see the inner parts of and that's the tail I'm just going to sit back and enjoy this again this is what all the nematodes this is a soil food web and I'll show you the chart this is what's going to eat all that material of bacteria and the fungi in your soil and like I says when it releases it this is plant available nutrients all the time and this is constantly going on every second every millisecond of the day and these are supplying plants and nutrients you need now what's most important is that you have at least anywhere from 85 to 9 percent of the nutrients given to your plants are given through the soil food web to your plants this way it does rely on just compost it has to be eaten and pooped out by these guys these nematodes and other things to give it the nutrients of your plants need oh this is very difficult to keep there but I'm trying my best there we go it hopefully knows it's a TV star now or you to start its 15 seconds of fame here let us show you this line here is the edge of the not the slide but the little piece of glass that I put on top of slide so they're all swimming from the middle getting away from the light trying to go to the side of the glass where the water and the solution runs out and you see if it can go up along this line here there's one there's another one I can maybe zoom in on it there you are I don't I got ten million here but this is just a small thing this is one that went out from underneath a slide there's a couple there and here they all are and this is what's in the solution so I know when I bought this it is they are alive and it is activated that quickly and this these guys are outside of the slide right now I hopefully doesn't go inside of my microscope so I'm going to hopefully stop this soon but and there's another one up on top inside the slide and right down the line here there's a couple more now this I guess that they're so tiny now this is that a thousand magnification and over here some more outside already so I'm going to be sheriff I'm going to try to stop this and now they are these are the tails now imagine all these working in your soil to destroy pass and now I'll show you how they do it now here you can see that we have a couple of them swarming together edge of the slide now when they come in contact with the grubs here they either now I've been told two things and I don't know which is right but it doesn't matter because either way it works now when they come across these grubs or any kind of bad larvae or insects in the soil they have bacteria on them and a certain type of bacteria and what that bacteria does is goes or releases a slime across the larvae or the bug and then what it does is it is infection and then will start eating the bugs from the inside out then when the bug is dead when the pest is dead these will they'll start laying eggs and then we multiply so they're feeding all the time so you actually need bad insects in your soil to keep these life these are the food source they will also eat the bacteria the fungi that keeps them going but when you have a large infestation of bad bugs these will multiply so quickly because they have a bigger food source and that will keep them going so they're controlled so when bag bugs come in these eat the bad bugs multiply very quickly and search out more bad bugs but in the meantime their populations are low all the time and soil because they're just feeding on the bacteria and the fungus in the soil so they're always there and always moving that's why you have to have a good healthy soil with lots of pore spaces in them because these are bigger than the bacteria and the fungi in the soil so they need those bigger pores undisturbed larger pores that plant roots form in the soil and it's so important that those plant roots are there capturing sunlight and keeping that soil open and feeding the bacteria and fungi so these beautiful nematodes stay alive and then help the whole network produce healthy food for us I want to thank you very much for watching my video today and also the nematodes thank you all so so please like and share so those nematodes can become youtube stars thanks for watching bye

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43 thoughts on “WHY No Till Gardening Works Best with living roots, Organic Vegetable gardening for beginners 101.

  1. I find this very confusing. Last year our entire garden was destroyed in a mater of 2-3 week by nematodes attacking the roots. The plants quickly died. Are these the same nematodes? Could placing hay over the garden area for a couple if years turn this around?

  2. Hey bud! I love the channel and the nerdy goodness you have going on. Question for you. I have a good sized area that is covered in grass.Ultimatly, I want to turn the whole are into a food forrest but I have to go about this bit by bit. I'd like to start building soil out there while I focus on the veggie patch near me. My idea was to plant winter rye and or prairie grass out there. I had hoped to run a chicken tractor over the area over the next few years and just build great soil. I'm at a loss on how to seed such a large area without tilling up the grass. All the info I can find about green manure starts with spraying roundup or tilling. That's seems to defeat the purpose. Any ideas?

  3. great info, i was watching the clover/ strawberry video /// was wondering where you are located??? & would these 3 cover crops work in tx sun??

  4. I don’t think you have to buy any of that. Nature provides once you provide the right environment for them to thrive in.

  5. I really enjoy watching your work with the microscope.It's the first time I see Nematodes, I had never seen before. I have learn alot, thank you so much for your hard working, understanding video!

  6. Hi Mark, great video this is my second time watching it, love the live soil food web and how it works and seeing this on video is great, thanks for sharing, Don.

  7. I would like to ask a question if i may. where do you get your wood chips ? I am not trying to be difficult but if your getting those from the land fill or tree services do you realize what you maybe bringing into your garden ? I have several friends that spray for power companies and state highway departments everyday . They spray thousands of gallons of chemicals a week onto trees that the then come through and clean up. So I do you really know whats in those chips ?

  8. I know the best way to get rid of perennial grass is to cover it with plastic but what are some possible solutions on a larger scale. Closer to 50 acres

  9. Mark…do you have any opinion on using a broad fork? Do you consider that the same as tilling? I'm talking about prepping a grassy area that's never been worked before.

  10. Thank you for another great video. Time to pull out my microscope. Do you happen to know the process to extract a sample from the soil to view under a scope?

  11. Hello! If I put saw dust and wood chips on top of grass , will the grass die and feed the new bed I am trying to make? On top of that i want to put compost leaves and hey to rot a whole year. Will that work?

  12. I really enjoy your videos. excellent combination of science context and hands on demonstration. you're one of the best YouTube garden channels.

    in the context of your approach is there any such thing as a "weed" you would tank from the soil?

  13. Awesome video! Very educational. I love the microscope work you did and learned a lot, had never seen nematodes before. I've been working on my first back to eden garden for the past 7 months or so and documenting the progress. Really excited for Spring so I can start planting. I've learned a lot from you channel and really appreciate the info you put out. Keep up the great work! Subscribed.

  14. Mark,
    Why are weeds not part of the living root system. At the start of the video you say the chips keep the weeds down. I have been adding chips to my raised beds each year and have no weeds. In another video you show laying down a 2X4, killing the grasses and planting where the 2X4 was on the ground. Should I grow vegetables in a weed bed?

  15. Thank you for this wonderful video. I enjoy seeing garden soil at work. One question, when a worm eats organic matter and poops it out do the nematodes need to eat that as well for it to be plant available or is it instantly available?

  16. That was amazing. Never seen an nematodes and to say more I didn't about. Will share in my FB group. Thanks for the info.

  17. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iE-gzC2dy8&list=FL7-L0luKBftjtKEUepKoImg&index=1
    Just sharing, nematodes infesting pests =]
    Love your vids, learning alot from you!

  18. It's not buy one and get second free, it's buy one and get a dozen free. Not only the video itself is informative but the comments are very educational and full of resources.
    Recently I was watching a video where presenter said if one particular plant is not hit by bugs try making a tea or liquid feed of that plant and spray on effected plants to control some damage. I not only have learn a bit more about the additional role of nematodes on grubs and slugs but I also learn how to grow your own nematodes.

  19. Mark, I have watched and enjoyed many of your videos. They are very informative and you do a good job of explaining things in a simple manner. I have seen many videos, yours and by other, about the "Back to Eden" gardening system. Could a "hi breed" of leaves and wood chips be used instead of one or the other? I was thinking a thick layer of leaves and then a layer of chips on top would provide the rapid leaf-mold breakdown (to feed the plants this year), with wood chips on top for following years. Your thoughts?

  20. I also use nematodes in my veg garden but I use P Hermaphrodita they kill slugs but they change after 2/3 generations and start eating other thing than slugs but very benaficle

  21. A very interesting video. A couple of questions though: I've just converted my allotment to a no dig system. I'm completely sold on it after I started with a couple of beds and had great results. I'm using a good layer of compost put directly on top in the autumn. I let that stay there and plant directly into it. I don't use any wood chips to mulch and wondered how the chips would benefit the system other that add another layer of mulch. My second question is the nematodes: I take it that they are naturally occurring and that we don't need to add these to the soil? I did use a proprietary brand last year in an effort to combat slugs. In the U.K. It can get very wet at times and slugs are a constant menace. It's sometimes hard to be organic! Sorry if my questions may seem banal but I'm only in my third year of gardening and there are so many different schools of thought and so much to learn. Thanks

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