Why The Forest, Deer and Wildlife Need Fire (#326) @GrowingDeer.tv

Why The Forest, Deer and Wildlife Need Fire (#326) @GrowingDeer.tv

GRANT: Between now and spring green up can
be a great time of year to use prescribed fire to improve wildlife habitat. ANNOUNCER: GrowingDeer.tv is brought to you
by Bass Pro Shops. Also by Reconyx, Trophy Rock, Eagle Seed, Nikon, Winchester, Dead
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Targets, Caldwell, Hook’s Custom Calls, Montana Decoys, Summit Treestands, Drake Non-Typical
Clothing, Howes Lubricator Products, LEM Game Processing, G5 Broadheads, Prime Bows, Redneck
Hunting Blinds. ADAM: Okay. So we are at, we’re burning
unit 10 today. We’re gonna probably start lighting. We’re gonna split up two groups.
Nate, you’re with me. Matt and Daniel are together. We’re gonna light around the western
rim… UNKNOWN: Yep ADAM: …up top. And then once we get that
backed off 30, 40, 50 yards, then we’ll start working our way stripping it out. GRANT: In today’s burn plan, we first prepared
by creating fire breaks using food plots, roads, and areas where we’d removed all
the leaf litter using back pack blowers. This burn unit, unit 10, is about 50 acres. And
once our pre-organized plan is in place, our radios are checked, it’s time to start the
fire on the ridgetop. ADAM: It’s a great day here at The Proving
Grounds because we finally have the right conditions for a prescribed fire. The portion
we’re burning is all woods, so our main objective is to burn off all the leaf litter
– so when spring green up occurs, there’s going to be all kinds of native species growing.
It’ll be young, tender growth. Turkeys are going to love it, so it’ll be a great spot
to hunt in April. GRANT: Every time I talk about using fire
to improve wildlife habitat I get nasty emails asking why I want to kill all the trees or
cause erosion. I think part of these emails stem from the ancient Smokey the Bear campaign.
Smokey the Bear was really necessary during that period of our history when there were
massive wildfires and no government support to control fire on forested land. GRANT: Unfortunately, the people that started
the Smokey the Bear campaign didn’t tell the whole story. Fire under the right conditions
can be very beneficial and it’s certainly natural. Every summer it seems there is catastrophic
fires somewhere in the continental United States – where homes and even lives are
lost due to fire. If prescribed fire had been used appropriately in the years preceding
the catastrophic fire, there would not have been near as much fuel. The chances of the
catastrophic fire ever occurring would be greatly reduced and probably there would not
have been loss of property or lives. GRANT: The footage may be deceptive. Here
the fire takes off like a head fire with the wind. It’s hot and moving pretty fast. But
once it hits the slope, the flame height decreases and the speed the fire is moving slows drastically. GRANT: Next we used a technique called stripping.
Once the fire is slowed down and is backing down the slope – it would take hours and
hours for the fire to reach the fire break or the end of the unit. So, we simply drop
below the fire, light another fire which serves as a small head fire. The distance of this
head fire depends on the steepness of the slope and how much fuel is in the area. ADAM: So I’m gonna run it all the way up.
Whew! GRANT: We will continue stripping throughout
the fire until the complete unit is safely burned and all the fuel is removed. Rather
than just drop a match and let fire go through the whole unit, we use a stripping technique.
So we basically have a series of small fires that are very controlled. GRANT: It’s important to know that we go
into every burn with a plan and have good communication. If the conditions change, we’ll
alter the plan to match those conditions. GRANT: Using prescribed fire successfully
requires a true team effort, usually with one leader. On this fire, Adam was the fire
boss and through good communication he was able to execute a successful and safe burn. ADAM: Okay. You guys are going to have to
be careful on that slope. Try not to set any head fires. UNKNOWN: Copy that. UNKNOWN: 10-4. GRANT: This morning, Daniel and I went out
to check the results of those prescribed fires. We had a prescribed fire in this area a couple
days ago and I always like to come back and check out the result. We use a backing fire
and you can tell there is very few scars on the living residual trees in this area. It
didn’t even get hot enough to burn up the dead trees laying on the ground. In addition,
it’s important to remember that heat rises. Very little heat is going down in the surface.
It’s not sterilizing the soil or harming that native seed base. In fact, many seeds
need fire to germinate. GRANT: Only in extreme conditions, of which
we would never burn, would the fire be hot enough to kill the root system or penetrate
down in the soil. There is a root mat in the soil that is holding it in place and that’s
what prevents erosion. It’s rarely what you see on top of the ground. But, that organic
matter, that fibrous root base in the soil that holds soil particles in place when it
rains after prescribed fire. GRANT: I receive questions about the likelihood
of erosion after fire is burned through a forested area. That root mat will decompose
after the plants are killed by fire. But by the time it decomposes, new plants have germinated
as a result of the fire and those new roots are doing a great job of holding soil in place. GRANT: We achieved our objective here of removing
most leaf litter and killing any small saplings in the area. So we should get a little flourish
of green growth and hopefully a lot fewer ticks in this area. GRANT: This is an area we showed you recently
where we had a lot of sassafras saplings come up in the understory. Some of them were getting
to the size of an inch or more at ground level. And if we didn’t use fire this year, they’d
be so large, I doubt we could have a fire that would control their growth without damaging
the larger oaks we want to protect. GRANT: Ours certainly did a number on the
smaller saplings. You can tell they’re dry and brittle. They were springy just a week
ago before the fire. So, we certainly top killed these saplings. Now, what do I mean
by top killing? We ignite the leaf litter in a backing fire so it’s backing slowly
downhill but that generates enough heat to girdle these small saplings. To keep the roots
from sending any nutrients they have stored all winter, up into the stem to generate new
leaves come this spring. By cutting that circulatory system off, there is no doubt that the saplings
have a root system that will send up energy and there’ll be smaller saplings come out
at ground level. But I think we’ve pretty much top killed 90% or more of the saplings
in here. And that allows us to keep it in check and under control where future prescribed
fires will limit the spread or growth of these sassafras saplings. GRANT: I always stress that it’s necessary
to have the proper training and tools before you implement a prescribed fire. But there
is one thing that is necessary before you implement a fire that I almost never talk
about. Anyone that uses prescribed fire as a tool – be it land owner and/or contractor
– should have an insurance policy that covers the potential damages of fire. GRANT: As a wildlife biologist, I don’t
claim to understand all the “ins and outs” of the insurance policies. I’ve been taught
over the years that a good prescribed fire policy not only covers the damage in case
the fire does escape and do damage to your neighboring property, but also the damage
if the smoke rises from your fire and settles somewhere else – potentially causing an incident
miles away from your property. GRANT: This is not a policy that is typically
offered by the standard homeowner or even property owner liability policies. For years,
I have used Outdoor Underwriters. They have taught me a lot about insurance. Fortunately,
I’ve never had a claim but I feel very secure with them taking time to explain to me the
exact policy I need. GRANT: Unless you own thousands and thousands
of acres of land, one of the most important deer management tools you can use is a neighborhood
deer management cooperative. Some of my neighbors and I started such a cooperative last year
and we just had our second post season meeting. FRED: But the biggest, single reason controlling
how many big, mature bucks you have running around is the age of the bucks. And the single
biggest determining factor of how many big bucks you have running around – older bucks
you have running around – is one thing. It’s trigger control. FRED: And the other thing, of course, is avoid
shooting button bucks. Easier said than done. We’ve all done it – unintentionally. A
couple, couple of things that, uh, that, uh, I got out of Grant’s book and I think it’s,
it’s worth sharing and I think everybody that hunts my place could probably tell you
the mantra. Number one, you don’t shoot a solo doe. Solo does usually aren’t. They’re
usually not does; they are usually button bucks. So, if you see a single antlerless
deer, you just let it go. And then if you try to stay with, uh, not shooting a button
buck, you make sure there is at least two deer out in the field – one’s a lot bigger
and they neither one has antlers. You shoot the bigger one. So, because, other, other
than that, you’re, you’re setting yourself up for shooting button bucks. GRANT: I always enjoy seeing the antlers and
jaw bones of bucks harvested throughout the neighborhood. I enjoy just as much talking
to my neighbors, learning what works on their property as far as food plots or herbicide
and other techniques they might be using that could benefit me and my management program. GRANT: Cooperation between neighbors with
similar objectives is one of the foundations that helped build our colonies and in fact
our great nation. The same is true now with deer hunters. Deer hunting and deer management
has never been more political than it is today. There are a lot of challenges facing deer
hunters. And when neighbors join together to help neighbors and take on battles that
are important in their neighborhood, that’s clearly a win-win situation.
BRIAN: Uh, but the big one probably that most of you have probably heard, or may, may not
have. But is the reduction of antlered deer harvest, you know, for next year. It went
from three, which is that two with a bow and then one with a firearm. It’s gonna be two
total, uh, starting next year. GRANT: Our cooperative members are talking
about getting together and helping each other with prescribed fire or sending feeder techniques
but it goes further than that. As an example, currently, a representative here in Missouri
has proposed legislation to significantly increase the level of penalties associated
with poaching deer, elk, and turkey. GRANT: …dollars and to be really candid,
I’m not spending half my kids college education every year – planting food plots and doing
all the stuff I do. My neighbor can go buy 20 bags of corn for the whole season and whip
me cause when corn is on the ground, deer are going to it. Just period. Just like cocaine.
They’re going to it. So, uh, I’m really in the, in the favor of us getting some stiffer
penalties in Missouri. GRANT: Currently, those fines are merely a
slap on the wrist and not much of a deterrent to poachers. Imagine if several cooperatives
throughout the state got behind that legislator, helped refined the wording so it was truly
meaningful and beneficial. What we could accomplish as a group of hunters, that were slightly
organized and working for stuff that benefited our home turf. GRANT: Our group is a true co-op. There is
no membership fees exchanging hands and you don’t have to play by any certain deer management
rules to be part of the co-op. It’s simply neighbors exchanging information with neighbors
and working together for better wildlife and wildlife habitat. GRANT: I hope you have a chance to get outside
and enjoy Creation this week. But most importantly, I hope you take time each day to slow down
and listen to what the Creator is saying to you. Thanks for watching Growing Deer.

Posts created 41237

31 thoughts on “Why The Forest, Deer and Wildlife Need Fire (#326) @GrowingDeer.tv

  1. Thank you so much! I asked about the erosion factor in a video back and you took the time to answer it again in this video. That is awesome that you take the time to answer our questions and beyond. God bless and keep up the great work!

  2. I freaking love Growing Deer TV. It inspired my son and I to film our hunts for YouTube. So much fun! Thanks Dr Woods

  3. pretty tough to have fires like that around here. it's really frowned on. Too bad because it seems like it could be a good management tool if done right.

    Thanks guys for the video!!

  4. thanks for all your shows I have enjoyed them for a few years now
    one thing you said in this one has me think why?
    towards the end you mentioned it wasn't right that some hunters can just throw out some corn
    is it illegal to feed deer corn in your state?

  5. Can you believe it is illegal to have prescribed fires in New York State? It's the wettest state and there is hardly any food in the woods. we need to burn in the worst way.

  6. We have had some nice bucks poached off our property in south-central MO. And i think it is because of the fines being so small.

  7. I start school again this summer. My aim is a associates of science degree and then on to bachelors is wildlife biology. Hopefully I can get a good job with my degree and save up for some land that I can turn into some good hunting land using the tips I picked up from your Chanel.

  8. I will start by saying that I love your informative videos. The thought of fires in hardwoods make me cringe. I use fire regularly in my home state of Alabama, but they are run through pine forest. We use low intensity fire to run through our loblolly pine stands and slightly higher intensity fires through our Longleaf stands which thrives on fire. Both types of trees have thick cambium layers and can take the fires. On the other hand hardwoods here have thin cambium layers and over time will succumb to the burns. I have witnessed it first hand as well as the national forest service here in Alabama. The forest service doesn't care about the hardwoods due to there thoughts of returning the lands that the own back to the natural longleaf pines that once covered the deep south. I know that you have a degree and I can tell that you are very intelligent but take my word time will prove this right, over time the hardwoods will die, maybe not within a few years but over time they will succumb. I know that we tried January burns, which is our coldest month but it finally happened they started dying off. I agree on everything else fire is the best tool for wildlife, deer and turkey! On my property I created edge on everything I did. My hardwoods are surrounded by fields or pine plantations. Around hardwoods I prefer Longleaf due to the presence of root rot, fusiform, canarcasiom, and other diseases. We burn every two years depending on the amount of fuel on the ground. The pastures/food plots are burned when the chance arise. This practice keeps the hardwoods safe and if lightning hits the hardwoods and a fire does happen then the burnt fields and the low fuel pine stands will be controllable. Firebreaks are priceless and can serve as more edge for wildlife. That's my 2 cents worth. Keep up the excellent work.

  9. My significant other's family has around 180 acres that we hunt in pa and i really really really want to use control burns to help clean it up but they're the type that thinking its too dangerous or there is no benefit to doing it

  10. …thanks for the video. .simple PRE BURNING would save everything every home etc in Australia. . my Canada .. in every country plus RESTORE NATURE for better hunting etc .. it sort of strange how if a BEAR COULD TALK.. IT WOULD SAY..am sure ..REPORT LACK OF FIRE !!! Also the Bambi movies have created also a strong BIAS against fire .. WE DON'T TRY STOPPING RAIN FR ABOVE but they do try stopping the lightning fires and farmers etc from burning …..WE NOW KNOW THE END GAME ..AGENDA 21 ..the PTB JESUITS etc want total control of everything .. knowmorenews.org and naturenorth.com has burning video on utube also ..thanks for reading ..

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